Periodontology

rezidentiat-parodontologie[1]

Gum inflammation as a body’s response to microbial aggression is translated through bleeding gums that cause gum disease. These untreated in time, evolve in depth and lead to periodontal disease which favors the creation of infections, inflammation and, ultimately tooth loss.

 

As gingivitis does not cause symptoms through pain, most patients do not take act of the treatment of these diseases in initial phase, leaving room for the emergence of periodontitis. Periodontal disease in evolution may go unnoticed for months or even years.

 

This dental condition refers to marginal periodontal illness – the supportive unit for the teeth in jaws (gums, dental ligaments etc.). Periodontitis has a different evolution in time, from case to case, but the finnal result is almost always represented by mobilizing and tooth loss from dental arches, sometimes even at a young age.

 

 

What are the signs of periodontitis?
parodontologie-13[1]In the first phase of the disease an inflammation of the gums can be noticed which become red, swollen, painful and bleeding spontaneously or when brushing. Left untreated, this gingivitis can turn into periodontitis, but this is not mandatory. The transition to periodontitis is affecting every jaw bones which are breaking, demineralizing, their volume shrinks and thus affects the tooth implantation.

 

Basically, the patient feels a dull pain, diffuse, on the roots of the teeth, of medium intensity, which occurs more frequently in the morning. Also, the patient may notice red- purplelish gums and gingival retraction. Other signs of periodontitis are the formation of spaces between the tooth and gum (periodontal pockets) filled with bacteria and pus, causing bad taste and odor. Usually these signs are accompanied by the presence of dental plaque, which is one of the factors incriminated in causing periodontitis.

 

In advanced stages of the disease the teeth move and start losing one by one from the dental arches.

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